An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes

Volume II: English

Edited by A. W. Ward & A. R. Waller

    Table of Principal Dates
Chapter I. “Piers the Plowman” and its Sequence
  By JOHN MATTHEWS MANLY, A.M., Ph.D., Professor of English Literature in the University of Chicago
  1. The Vision of William concerning Piers the Plowman
  2. Form of the Poems
  3. Theories concerning Authorship; The Three Texts
  4. The Crowd in the Valley
  5. The Tower of Truth
  6. Holy Church
  7. The Court at Westminster
  8. Meed
  9. Reason
  10. The First Vision
  11. The Second Vision
  12. The Way to Truth
  13. Piers and his Pilgrims at Work
  14. Piers’s Pardon
  15. The Scene in the Ale-house
  16. The Third Vision
  17. The Search for Do-well, Do-better and Do-best
  18. John But
  19. B-text
  20. B’s Continuation of the Poems
  21. The Merits of B’s Work
  22. The Author of the C-text
  23. Conclusion assumed that the Poems are Not the Work of a Single Author; Differences in the Three Texts
  24. Parallel Passages
  25. William Langland
  26. John But
  27. Mum, Sothsegger
  28. Wynnere and Wastoure; The Parlement of the Thre Ages
  29. Letters of the Insurgents of 1381
  30. Peres the Ploughmans Crede
  31. The Ploughman’s Tale
  32. Jacke Upland
  33. The Crowned King
  34. Death and Liffe
  35. The Scotish Feilde
  36. The Fourteenth Century
II. Religious Movements in the Fourteenth Century
  By the Rev. J. P. WHITNEY, B.D., King’s College
  1. Richard Rolle of Hamploe
  2. Rolle’s Mysticism
  3. William Nassyngton; Rolle and Religion
  4. The Pricke of Conscience
  5. Wyclif’s Early Life
  6. Wyclif and Scholasticism
  7. Wyclif’s Earlier Writings
  8. Attack on Wyclif
  9. The Papal Schism
  10. The Poor Priests
  11. The Bible in English
  12. Nicholas Hereford and John Purvey
  13. Wyclif and Popular Movements
  14. Wyclif’s Views on the Eucharist
  15. Wyclif’s Later Works
  16. Wyclif’s Later Life
  17. The Lollards; Wyclif’s Personality
III. The Beginnings of English Prose
  1. Early English Prose
  2. Early Translations
  3. John Trevisa
  4. Polychronicon
  5. Bartholomaeus
  6. The Travels of Sir John Mandeville
  7. Jean d’Outremeuse
  8. Mandeville Manuscripts
  9. Mandeville’s Style
  10. Mandeville’s Detail
IV. The Scottish Language
  By G. GREGORY SMITH, M.A., Balliol College, Oxford, Professor of English Literature in Queen’s College, Belfast
  1. Scots” and “Ynglis
  2. Early Scots
  3. Middle Scots
  4. Southern Influence on Middle Scots
  5. Latin and French Elements in Middle Scots
  6. Alleged Celtic Contribution
V. The Earliest Scottish Literature
  By PETER GILES, M.A., Hon. LL.D., Aberdeen, Follow of Emmanuel College and Reader in Comparative Philology
  1. Early Fragments
  2. John Barbour; The Bruce
  3. Blind Harry’s Wallace
  4. Holland’s Howlat
  5. Huchoun of the Awle Ryale
  6. Morte Arthure
  7. The Epistill of Suete Susane
  8. The Awntyrs of Arthure
  9. Golagros and Gawane
  10. Rauf Coil\??\ear
  11. Colkelbie’s Sow
  12. Lives of the Saints
  13. Gray’s Scalacronica
  14. Fordun and Bower’s Scotichronicon
  15. Andrew of Wyntoun’s Orygynale Cronykil
VI. John Gower
  By G. C. MACAULAY, M.A., Trinity College, Lecturer in English
  1. His Life
  2. His Political Opinions
  3. His Literary Work
  4. The French Speculum Meditantis (Mirour de l’Omme)
  5. The Latin Vox Clamantis
  6. The English Confessio Amantis
  7. His Latest Works
VII. Chaucer
  By GEORGE SAINTSBURY, M.A., Merton College, Oxford, Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature in the University of Edinburgh
  1. Chaucer’s Life
  2. Canon of Works
  3. Early Editions
  4. Tyrwhitt’s Recension
  5. Later Rearrangements
  6. The Romaunt of the Rose
  7. Early Poems
  8. Troilus and Criseyde
  9. The House of Fame
  10. The Legend of Good Women
  11. The Canterbury Tales
  12. Prose; The Astrolabe
  13. Boethius
  14. Minor Verse
  15. Chaucer’s Learning
  16. His Humour
  17. His Poetical Quality
  18. The Tale of Gamelyn
VIII. The English Chaucerians
  1. Lydgate
  2. Occleve
  3. Burgh
  4. George Ashby
  5. Henry Bradshaw
  6. George Ripley
  7. Thomas Norton
  8. Osbern Bokenam
  9. The Chaucerian Apocrypha
  10. The Tale of Beryn or The Second Merchant’s Tale
  11. La Belle Dame sans Merci
  12. The Cuckoo and the Nightingale
  13. The Assembly of Ladies
  14. The Flower and Leaf
  15. The Court of Love
IX. Stephen Hawes
  By WILLIAM MURISON, M.A., Aberdeen
  1. The Passetyme of Pleasure
  2. The Conversion of Swearers
  3. A Joyful Meditation to all England of the Coronation of Henry the Eighth
  4. The Example of Virtue
  5. Hawes’s Learning and Models
  6. His Medievalism
  7. His Relation to Spenser
  8. His Metre
X. The Scottish Chaucerians
  1. James I
  2. The Kingis Quair
  3. The Influence of Chaucer
  4. Robert Henryson
  5. The Morall Fabillis of Esope
  6. The Testament of Cresseid
  7. Henryson’s Shorter Poems
  8. William Dunbar
  9. His Allegories
  10. The Grotesque in Dunbar
  11. His Prosodic Range
  12. Gavin Douglas
  13. The Palice of Honour
  14. King Hart
  15. The Aenied
  16. Douglas’s Medievalism
  17. Walter Kennedy
XI. The Middle Scots Anthologies: Anonymous Verse and Early Prose
  1. Early Anthologists
  2. The Native Elements
  3. Peblis to the Play; Christis Kirk on the Greene
  4. Sym and his Brudir
  5. The Wyf of Auchtirmuchty
  6. The Wowing of Jok and Jynny
  7. Gyre Carling
  8. King Berdok
  9. Burlesque Poems
  10. Convivial Verse
  11. Fabliaux
  12. Historical and Patriotic Verse
  13. Love Poetry; Tayis Bank
  14. The Murning Maiden
  15. Didactic and Religious Verse
  16. Early Scottish Prose
  17. Sir Gilbert Hay
  18. Nisbet’s Version of Purvey
XII. English Prose in the Fifteenth Century, I
  1. The Master of Game
  2. John Capgrave
  3. Reginald Pecock
  4. The Repressor of Overmuch Blaming of Clergy; The Repressor and the Lollards
  5. Pecock’s Minor Works
  6. His Style and Vocabulary
  7. Sir John Fortescue
  8. Walter Hylton
  9. Juliana of Norwich
  10. Gesta Romanorum
  11. Secreta Secretorum
  12. William Gregory’s Note-book
  13. The Paston Letters
  14. Copyists and Booksellers
XIII. The Introduction of Printing into England and the Early Work of the Press
  By E. GORDON DUFF, M.A., Oxon., sometime Sandars Reader in Bibliography in the University of Cambridge
  1. The First Products of the New Art
  2. William Caxton
  3. The First Book printed in English—The Recuyell of the Histories of Troy
  4. The First Dated Book issued in England—The Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers
  5. The Golden Legend
  6. Malory’s Morte d’Arthur
  7. Caxton’s Views on the English Language
  8. Provincial Presses
  9. The Book of St. Albans
  10. William de Machlinia
  11. English Books printed Abroad
  12. Arnold’s Chronicle
  13. Richard Pynson
  14. Berners’s Froissart
  15. Wynkyn de Worde
  16. Minor Printers
  17. Antoine Verard and John of Doesborch
  18. The Book Trade
XIV. English Prose in the Fifteenth Century, II
  1. Caxton as Editor
  2. The Golden Legend
  3. Malory’s Morte d’Arthur
  4. Style of the Morte d’Arthur
  5. Sir John Bourchier, Lord Berners
  6. The Chronicles of Froissart
  7. Huon of Bordeaux
  8. The Golden Book of Marcus Aurelius
XV. English and Scottish Education. Universities and Public Schools to the Time of Colet
  By the Rev. T. A. WALKER, M.A., LL.D., Fellow of Peterhouse
  1. Paris and Oxford
  2. Beginnings of Oxford and Cambridge
  3. Town and Gown
  4. University and Bishop
  5. The Coming of the Friars
  6. The Schoolmen
  7. The Fall of the Friars
  8. Poor Students
  9. Walter de Merton
  10. Hugo de Balsham
  11. The Beginnings of the Colleges; The Black Death
  12. William of Wykeham, Winchester and New College
  13. Henry VI, Eton and King’s College
  14. Queen Margaret
  15. Medieval Studies; The Grammer School
  16. University Studies; The Higher Faculties
  17. Peterhouse Library and Catalogue; The Library of the Medieval Student
  18. The Education of a Young Scholar in the Middle Ages
  19. The Hour before the Renascence
  20. St. Andrews University
  21. Glasgow and Aberdeen
  22. Scottish University Studies
XVI. Transition English Song Collections
  By FREDERICK MORGAN PADELFORD, Ph.D., Professor of the English Language and Literature in the University of Washington
  1. Characteristics of Folk-poetry
  2. Minstrels’ Songs
  3. Carols, Sacred and Secular
  4. Spiritual Lullabies
  5. Didactic Songs
  6. Satires against Women
  7. Drinking Songs
  8. Love Songs
  9. Pre-Christian Festivals and May Poems
  10. Miscellaneous Songs
XVII. Ballads
  By FRANCIS B. GUMMERE, Ph.D., Professor of English in Haverford College
  1. Definition of the Subject
  2. The Canute Song
  3. Outlaw Ballads and Political Songs
  4. The Ballad Question
  5. Tradition
  6. Robin Hood
  7. Babylon
  8. The Maid Freed from the Gallows; The Making of Ballads; General Outlines of Ballad Progress
  9. Sources of Ballads
  10. Riddle Ballads
  11. The Epic Tendency
  12. Balladry in Rags
  13. Ballads of Domestic Tragedy; Child Waters
  14. Funeral ballads
  15. The Historical Ballad
  16. The Greenwood
  17. Sources and Aesthetic Values of Ballads as a Whole
XVIII. Political and Religious Verse to the Close of the Fifteenth Century—Final Words
  By A. R. WALLER, M.A., Peterhouse
  1. Anglo-Norman Writings
  2. L’Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal
  3. The Vows of the Heron
  4. The Lollards
  5. The Libel of English Policy
  6. Jack Napes’ Soul
  7. Lyrics and Carols; The Religious Plays
  8. Didactic Literature
  9. Robin Hood
  10. The Fifteenth Century