The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (190721).
VOLUME XVI. Early National Literature, Part II; Later National Literature, Part I.
XV. Publicists and Orators, 18001850.
§ 19. Spencer Roane; John Taylor; Robert Y. Hayne.
|Jefferson, thoroughly disliking Marshall and all his works, was in or behind these attacks, but the great protagonists were Judge Spencer Roane (17621822) and John Taylor (17501824) of Caroline. Roanes argument was chiefly directed against the assumed right of final review of constitutional questions by the Federal Court in cases involving the validity of state legislation. Taylor in a number of very able books and pamphlets discussed the same subject; but he treated also the nature of the Union in a manner so critical and acute that, more nearly than any one else, he foreshadowed Calhoun and suggested the clear undimmed features of state sovereignty. Naturally we cannot omit from this list of Southern advocates Robert Y. Hayne (17911839), who was Websters opponent in the great debate of 1830; for he made a deep impression and presented Calhouns theories with eloquence and vigour.